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Introduction to Mississippi

Mississippi, federal state in the south of the USA, borders on Tennessee, Alabama, to the gulf of Mexico, Louisiana and Arkansas. The river Mississippi forms almost the complete west limit, Pearl River unite part of the south limit.

Mississippi joined the union on December 10th, 1817 as a 20th federal state. The federal state is meant for "big river" to the Mississippi named, the name at the Algonkin. The most important towns are the capital Jackson, Biloxi, Greenville, Hattiesburg, meridian and Gulfport.


Mississippi lies in 32nd place of the U.S. federal states in size with an area of 125 443 square kilometers. The greatest extension is in north-south direction about 530 kilometers and in east west direction about 290 kilometers. The altitudes reach the golf of Mexico from sea-level to 246 meters in the northeast.

Physical geography

The hilly country in the east of the federal state falls gently to the golf coastal level (East Gulf Coastal Plain) which covers the largest portion of Mississippi. The western part surrounds the fertile alluvial land level of the Mississippi Plain alluvially. The fertile soil forms, in the northeast black earth a fertile arable land in the east. Smaller islands like Petit Bois and Horn Iceland are off the coast.

Rivers and seas

The most important river is the Mississippi. The Yazoo and the big Black belong to his tributaries in the federal state.

Mississippi numerous lakes, of which the great one the Ross Barnett reservoir is for Pearl, the Arkabutla brine at the Coldwater, the Grenada brine at the Yalobusha and the Pickwick brine at this at the Tennessee. Innumerable strangulated river loops have arisen from shifts of the run of the Mississippi.


Mississippi has a subtropical climate. The average temperatures are approximately 9Â degrees Celsius at about 28Â degrees Celsius and in January in July. Extreme values were measured in Holly Springs in Mississippi with -28,3 Â degrees Celsius in the year 1966 in the northeast nearby Corinth and 46.1Â degrees Celsius in the year 1930 in the north. In the late summer and fall hurricane appears in the federal state occasionally, which moves to the north from the golf from Mexico. There also are tornados in Mississippi primarily at the time of February until May.

Flora and fauna

About 55 per cent of the country area of Mississippi is wooded. Typical trees are different pinewood types and magnolia. E.g. the white fly whisk deer and different species of heron belong to the extensive fauna.


The population of Mississippi amounts to about 2.6 million. The average population density amounts to around 21 inhabitants per square kilometer. Puts about 63.5 per cent for the complete population, the share of the blacks was higher than in all other federal states with about 36 per cent white. Part of the minorities are about 8 500 Indians and around 16 000 inhabitants of Hispanic descent.

Education and culture

A state school system was established to 1870. Only 1954 the separation from black and white pupils was explained in state schools of the colonel court of justice the USA for constitution adverse.

The oldest university of the federal state is the Mississippi college in Clinton, the 1826 was founded. Further universities are the Mississippi State University (1878) and the Mississippi University for Women (1884).

To the best known museums in Mississippi belong State Historical museum, the museum of a way and the Mississippi museum of Natural Science, to the known museums. The former important theater of war of the American civil war lies Vicksburg (Mississippi, USA) at the confluence of Mississippi and Yazoo River.


The houses of the president of the Conferation of Jefferson Davis nearby Biloxi and Woodville and the Fort remind Massachusetts of the American civil war on Ship Iceland. Wider sights are the Old Capitol in Jackson and the numerous houses from the time around the turn of 19 to the 20th century, how are she to see the west point and Oxford in Natchez, Vicksburg, Columbus, Holly Springs, primarily.

Sports and relaxation

The coast of Mississippi as well as his rivers and seas offer substantially opportunity of the fishing, to swim and Bootfahren. Hunting also is a popular leisure occupation. Surely you also will find very good locations like hotels with fine bathrooms and as example sauna with steam and surely an nice warm bathroom through special bathroom heating. So all is very nice to relax! The best are very luxury massagechairs. They give you a very good massage!

The city of Jackson became, 1822 as a capital of Mississippi founded the area. State Capitol in Jackson (Mississippi) manages from Natchez and Washington. The parliament building in Jackson was completed in 1903.

Administration and politics

A 1890 have constitution passed and changed repeatedly Mississippi. The governor who is elected for four years is at the head of the administration.

The legislature lies with the senate with 52 senators and the representative house with 122 members. Elections take place to the two chambers every four years.

On Federal level sends Mississippi five representatives and two senators in the convention of the United States. In the presidency elections the federal state has seven choice man's voices.


Great economic importance has the farming the cotton cultivation, here primarily. Wider important useful plants are wheat, corn and rice.The forestry also plays a large role.The value of the annual fishing amounts to 44 million U.S. dollars. Oysters and prawns agree on a large part of the talons.

Being textiles, furniture and others wood products, electronic products and food produced by the industry. Mississippi has considerable occurrences to mineral oil and natural gas.